With a UV index reaching up to 3.2 in Damascus, stay shaded during midday when the sun is strongest; wear protective clothing, a wide-brimmed hat, UV-blocking sunglasses; apply SPF 30+ sunscreen every 2 hours, even on cloudy days; and be cautious of heightened UV on bright surfaces.
Read more here about the climate and sun exposure in and around Damascus.
The UV index in Damascus, Syria, can reach high levels during the summer months, typically ranging from 8 to 11 (very high to extreme). This means that the sun's rays can be quite intense, so it's important to protect your skin by using sunscreen, wearing protective clothing, and seeking shade when possible.
Damascus experiences four distinct weather seasons. During the summer months of June to August, temperatures can soar up to 35-40 °C (95-104 °F), with very little rainfall. Autumn, from September to November, brings milder temperatures ranging from 20-25 °C (68-77 °F) and occasional rain showers. Winter, from December to February, can be quite cold, with temperatures averaging around 5-10 °C (41-50 °F) and sometimes dropping below freezing. Spring, from March to May, is characterized by pleasant temperatures of 15-20 °C (59-68 °F) and intermittent showers.
Compared to other cities in the region, Damascus enjoys a relatively high sun exposure throughout the year. The city is located in the eastern Mediterranean region, where the climate is influenced by hot, dry deserts. This results in long, sunny days with clear skies, especially during the summer. However, these conditions also contribute to high evaporation rates and limited rainfall, which can lead to arid conditions in some areas.
The chart above displays the Shortwave Radiation Sum (MJ/m²) for each day of the last year in Damascus. It's designed to provide you with a better understanding of the yearly weather and sun exposure.